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Assignment Briefs 09-10-2022

1.1 Summarise the historical development of computer systems.


Unit Reference Number


Unit Title

Computer and Network Technology

Unit Level


Number of Credits


Total Qualification Time

200 hours

Mandatory / Optional



06.1 ICT practitioners

Unit Grading Structure

Pass / Fail

Unit Aims

The aim of this unit is to provide learners with knowledge of computer networking essentials, how they operate, protocols, standards, security considerations and the prototypes associated with a range of networking technologies.

Learners will explore a range of hardware and related software and will learn to configure and install these. A range of networking technologies will be explored including Local Area Networking (LAN), Wide Area Networking (WAN) and how these technologies evolved to form largescale networks. 1.1 Summarise the historical development of computer systems. Protocol methodologies related to IP data networks will also be explored.

Learning Outcomes and Assessment Criteria

Learning Outcomes-The learner will:

Assessment Criteria-The learner can:

1. Understand the fundamentals of the computer.

1.1 Summarise the historical development of computer systems.

1.2 Explain the components of a modern computer.

1.3 Differentiate client and server environments.

1.4 Assess different operating systems.

2. Understand networking principles and their protocols.

2.1 Describe network standards and protocols.

2.2 Assess different network topologies.

2.3 Evaluate the impact of different network standards.

2.4 Differentiate between network hardware and software.

3. Be able to carry out desktop engineering fundamentals.

3.1 Carry out PC assembling and basic troubleshooting.

3.2 Carry out installation of client and server operating systems.

3.3 Configure client systems to meet organisational policies.

4. Be able to demonstrate routing and switching techniques.

4.1 Configure techniques.








Open2reach is a functional division of telecommunications company CT plc, that owns and maintains the telephone wires, ducts, cabinets and exchanges that connect nearly all homes and businesses in the United Kingdom to the national broadband and telephone network. Open2reach manages CT`s local access network which connects customers to their local telephone exchange, starting at the main distribution frame (MDF) in the exchange and ending at the network termination point (NTP) at the end user`s premises. In July 2010 Open2reach signed a £800 million contract with ECI Telecom to help it service and create a fibre-optic network serving 18 million households in the UK. 1.1 Summarise the historical development of computer systems.. The deal was the largest in ECI`s history. In 2017, Open2reach proposed offering super-fast fibre broadband to 10 million homes by 2025, using fibre to the premises (FTTP) technology. By June 2018 Open2reach was connecting 8000 properties per week to FTTP, with the aim of reaching 3 million premises by 2020.

You work as a Network analyst in Open2reach. As a part of the growth process the company has recruited 10 Analyst apprentices and the company plans to employee them upon completion of the programme. Your line manager Laura Barnsley has asked you to provide training to this group of apprentices. You have the following tasks for your new assignment with the company.

Task 1 of 2 Handbook Instructions

You need to provide all apprentices with a handbook which will provide them with a review of the core academic knowledge before they start lab training.

You are now preparing a handbook for them and you are required to do the following:

  1. First part of the handbook covers the fundamentals of the computer. In the introduction, provide a summary of the historical development of computer systems since 1980s.
  2. First part is followed by an explanation of the components of a modern computer and an assessment of different operating systems (such as: Windows, MacOS, Linux, UNIX, Fedora, Ubuntu etc.) used in modern computers.
  3. Conclude the first part of the handbook by providing a clear differentiation between the client and server environments of the Open2reach operation. (ACs 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4)
  4. Second part of the handbook illustrates networking principles and their protocols. Provide a description of the network standards and protocols and evaluate the impact of different network standards on the Open2reach operation.
  5. Using industry examples, assess different network topologies and differentiate between network hardware and software. (ACs 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4) 1.1 Summarise the historical development of computer systems.

Delivery and Submission

  • 1x Handbook MS Word processed file
  • Indicative word count 1500 words excluding TOC, diagrams, references and appendices

Task 2 of 2 – Lab demonstration

All apprentices have completed the mandatory academic part of the training and now they are ready to start practical part of their work. You have planned to show them desktop engineering fundamentals and demonstrate them routing and switching techniques.


  1. Demonstrate how to assemble modern computer components to make a clone PC.
  2. Troubleshoot at least 5 Windows/ Unix/ MacOS/ Linux OS errors in a laboratory environment. Ensure you log all the activities.
  3. Install both client and server operating systems within a given timeframe.
  4. Configure client systems to meet Open2reach’s organisational policies. (ACs 3.1, 3.2, 3.3)
  5. Configure a network for Open2reach using routing and switching techniques. (AC 4.1)

Delivery and Submission

  • 1x Lab demonstration files (Lab instructor will sign FIVE witness statements for each of the 5 tasks outlining whether each one was successfully demonstrated)
  • Additional files such as pictures during demonstration, video clips on demonstration can be provided on the centre’s discretion.
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