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Assignment Briefs 11-21-2022

Conduct a literature review that critically discusses the concepts of a. Information Governance b. Information Security and their importance in information management.


The final assessment is 100% of your total mark

  • Build on the mid-term feedback you received
  • DO NOT start a new piece of work
  • Includes quotations and any other text
  • Deadline for the paper is 27thNovember, 2022
  • Submit your completed final document through the RKC Online Campus

Total word count is 4,500 words excluding references abstract table of contents figures and tables


For all questions below, “an organisation of your choice” ideally means “your organisation”,

  • an organisation you are currently working with/for, or have done so in the recent past.
  • This will allow you to develop a much more critical analysis of internal processes and characteristics of the organisation.

You are specifically asked NOT to discuss Apple, Google, Amazon, Zara, Walmart, etc., unless you work there

Mid-term Observations

  • The majority of you picked an organisation you had/were working for
  • In some cases, it wasn’t clear whether the organisation you picked was one of which you have personal experience
  • Some of you used two different organisations
  • Some of you used one organisation for all the questions
  • It is really important that you select an organisation you are familiar with, because it allows you to have more information to be able to analyse your company critically.

Question (1)

20% of final mark

1. Conduct a literature review that critically discusses the concepts of
a. Information Governance

b. Information Security and their importance in information management.

Find and discuss relevant literature (mainly from academic peer reviewed literature such as journal articles, conference articles, with books, white papers, practitioner literature, and blog articles having a little less weight).

Mid-term Observations (Q1)

  • Some of the literature review was a little unstructured and not very complete
  • Literature review demonstrates your understanding of the subject and the relevant theory
  • Your review should include the literature around information governance,

information security in the context of information systems effectiveness

  • You will apply these theories to cases and practice later in your paper

Be more critical

  • Don’t just list the different papers and summarise them (this is not a review)
  • Make sure you present the different points of view from the literature, discuss them and then come to your own conclusions. (I did not see enough of this)
  • Make sure you search for and cite relevant and appropriate sources.
  • Make sure you use sources beyond just web-based and practitioner sources – the ‘grey literature’
  • Use academic sources there are plenty of them

Mid-term Observations (Q1)

  • Critically discuss the literature – the different perspectives, how they contradict or agree with each other, the shortcomings, limitations, and ways they fit into the bigger picture

- Highlight the main and relevant theories around these two topics

- Integrate different authors in the overall argument.

- Incorporate the different perspectives and justify the ‘one’ you have chosen to apply (if relevant)

- You can disagree with an author’s views BUT you must justify why this is the case supported by other literature. It is not sufficient to say you disagree and you know better.

- OPINION must be based on a synthesis of your reading

  • Make sure you answer the question posed
  • Don’t invent your own questions or only focus on what you are interested in
  • Ask yourself the question and see whether what you have written addresses the question(s)
  • Some were starting with an analysis of the organisation straight off

Critical reading grid




The full reference

  • Author

»   (Year)

»   Title

»    Publication details

  • WHO are they, what’s their credentials?
  • WHEN - Is it currenl enough?
  • WHAT -Relevant to your question?
  • WHERE - Is it an academic source? Should you use it?


What it is.... ?

»    The aim or question

»    The author’s position or purpose.

»    Context

»    Main argument or central idea.

»    Methodology (in research articles)

»    Theory/model used

»    The evidence

»    Findings or conclusions

  • Is this clear?
    • Do they have a hidden agenda?
    • Is it grounded in literature and current debate?
    • 1s the line of reasoning valid/Iogica|?
    • 1s the methodology appropriate?
      • Are theories understood and applied Eorrectly?
      • Is it good quality and relevant? How do you know?
        • Are they supported by the evidence/argument?


What do I think about it?

»    Audience/level who is it written form

  • Do you agree with the author?
  • Particular strengths, from your point of view.
  • Any weaknesses or limitations ?


  • Are there alternative positions?
  • Is it academic enough to be used?
    • Have they made their case?
      • Are their findings novel or significant?
      • Can you rely on their conclusions to build your own argument *
      • How does this fit into the existing knowledgebase ?


How might I use it?

  • Your own perspective


  • value


  • Links to practice
    • Has the text helped you understand something better?
      • How useful is it? Will you use it in your assignment?
        • Would this be a key piece of evidence or just have a

supporting role?

  • How would this apply to praEtice?

Being critical

Academic writing requires formal language, a logical structure and should be supported by evidence. It is a skill that you will need to learn and develop across your time at University. Make sure you use the information in your module guides and feedback from your lecturers to improve

  • Develop a coherent argument or flow

–      Clarity – make sure you read and digest all the information so that you are clear what you want to say.

–      Plan and organise your information into key and subsidiary points (usually you go from broad topic to narrow topics

–      Check coherence and whether everything in there is coherent

–      Make sure the ideas flow together and make it clear

–      Compare and contrast your ‘evidence’ from the literature and highlight your perspective.

–      Avoid cherry picking only the supporting evidence, make sure you weigh up both sides.

–      Academic writing is all about using the literature you have read to support the argument that you present to your reader.

–      Avoid making any statements without supporting them with a reference

–      Include supporting evidence, usually references to published literature. Also, try to think about all sides of an argument – you need to show you have considered the different views that exist.

https://casp-uk.b-cdn.net/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/CASP-Qualitative-Checklist-2018_fillable_form.pdf https://my.cumbria.ac.uk/Student-Life/Learning/Skills-Cumbria/Academic-Writing/

Question (2)

15% of final mark
  1. After reading the Procter and Gamble case study (Unit 2), critically discuss the role and responsibilities of senior leadership in information governance in the context of Procter and Gamble

Mid-term observations (2)


•  You don’t have to re-write the case
  • Briefly summarise the case and the situation where relevant
  • Focus on the question and answer it

critically discuss the role and responsibilities of senior leadership in information governance in the context of Procter and Gamble

- Build on what you have found in the literature review

- Analyse how and whether the senior leadership did what the ‘literature’ says IG leaders should or shouldn’t do

- You can disagree (this is about being critical) what did they do wrong what did they do right

- Most importantly support your decision and analysis with the literature and the case details!

- Don’t invent information

Question (3)

20% of final mark

  1. In an organisation of your choice, perform a critical analysis of their use of information systems and information technology (including cloud services and social media) and how this impacts on staff development, effective flows of communication, and decision-making in the organisation

Mid-term observations (3)

  • Give a brief overview of the organisation – what it does etc. to get a general understanding of the business model

– I didn’t see enough of this. It is important for the reader to get a

sense of the scale of the organisation and its IS/IT needs.

  • Give a brief overview of the IS/IT uses and users (linked to the above)
  • Focus on the question and answer it

- You can concentrate on one area of the business (especially for large organisations) but make sure you have defined it

- Your analysis should include staff development, effective flows of communication, and decision-making

- This will also help you structure and organise your recommendations for the next question

- Most importantly support your analysis with the literature – for instance what does the literature say about IS/IT in decision- making? Touch on these to support your analysis using in-text citations

- The focus here is on analysing your organisation in your context

- Use the same organisation throughout

Question (4)

15% of final mark

4.Building on your analysis from question #3, critically evaluate possible improvements to the organisation’s use of information systems with emphasis on staff development in line with organisational goals, effective flows of communication, and decision making in the organisation

Mid-term observations (4)

•  Build on review conducted in Q3
  • Don’t repeat the same information
  • Focus on the question and answer it

Making possible improvements – again supported by the literature (according to Smith (2020) implementing twitter analytics for disaster management will lead to more effective communications, specifically improvement in response time and location ….. So in this case then the organisation should do x y z …… which can potentially lead to a b c)

- You can structure your analysis based on staff developmenteffective flows of communication, and decision-making

- Most importantly support your recommendations with the literature Touch on these to support your analysis using in-text citations

- The focus here is on providing recommendations for your organisation and justify them

Question (5)

15% of final mark

  1. Critically analyse the importance of security in information management in your organisation in particular























Mid-term observations (5)

  • Build on your organisational analysis in  3
  • Don’t repeat the same information
  • Focus on the question and answer it

-  What information systems you have and the related IG/security issues relevant to your organisation

- This does not mean giving out important technical details!

- But explain why information security is important in your organisational context

- Draw also on the literature in part 1 (without repeating the same information). So here it would be explaining importance of security in your context with supporting evidence from the literature in an in-text citation

- Apply a framework or model to help with the analysis

Overall quality (15%)

  • The remaining 15% of the final mark will be dependent on the quality of Harvard referencing and bibliography, as well as the general presentation of your paper

Mid-term general observation


–       https://my.cumbria.ac.uk/Student-Life/Your-Studies/Your-Course/Assignments/

–       https://my.cumbria.ac.uk/media/MyCumbria/Documents/AssessmentSubmissionCoverSheet.doc

  • Introductions/conclusions recommendations

–       Each question does not need an introduction conclusion and recommendations

–       Use your judgement how to structure your assignment

–       Bear in mind the number of words used and what you are saying and most importantly that you are answering the questions

  • Don’t invent your own questions
  • Clear structuring/signposting of questions you are answering
  • No need for keywords in the abstract
  • Abstract/introduction/both/ neither?
  • Proof read your papers carefully to make sure you eliminate spelling, typographical and grammatical and other errors.
  • References overall well done

– Make sure all the sources and citations you use are included in the list of references

– Make sure in-text citation and referencing are all correct formatting and consistent with the requirements of your course (see induction documentation) Harvard referencing

  • Even if you use automatic citation/referencing, sometimes these might not be correct – make sure you check they are in the correct format (links to first point about proof reading)
  • Double check the induction material for more detail

Plagiarism Warning!

•             Plagiarism is

–        ‘Copy&paste’ ing of entire sentences or paragraphs from other author`s works.

–        Even if acknowledged and/or in quotation marks these paragraphs are not your work

–        Write your own reviews of what these authors say – you can

paraphrase what they have said but you must cite the source

–        Similarly for figures and tables – cite your sources in these instances

–        Check Turnitin

–        This is not only poor scholarship for which you could be marked down, but you might also face plagiarism charges, which lead to serious academic penalties

Word count


APPENDIX 3c The Conduct of Assessments


3.3 Word limit requirements

  • 3.3.1 Essays, Reports and Dissertations The word count includes the body of the work (i.e. the main text), within which all the learning outcomes should be demonstrated, but excludes:

– References/ Bibliographies

– Tables and the title of tables

– Graphs

– Appendices

– Note: Quotations should not normally be more than three lines of text, and are included in the wordage.

– Appendices should only be included where necessary and should not be used as an alternative location for the demonstration of learning outcomes, as the main body of the work should stand alone.

APPENDIX 3c The Conduct of Assessments (Word count)

3.5 Penalties

  • 3.5.1 Any excess beyond 10% will not be marked. In the case of presentations, the presentation will be guillotined when the 10% leeway has been reached. Students should therefore be advised in the Module Guide that should the demonstration of any LOs occur only in the excess text which is not marked, they will risk failing the module.
  • 3.5.2 Students who exceed or falsify the word count are subject to a penalty of 20% of the total mark for the assessment e.g. 10 marks for an assessment worth 50 marks, 20 marks for a 100 mark assessment.
  • 3.5.3 Tutors will draw a clear line in the work to show where the work exceeded the word count in excess of 10% and the point at which they ceased to mark.


Assignment Checklist

  • Abstract (no more than 150 words in one paragraph)
  • Table of contents (automated is easiest)
  • Answer all questions (fully)
  • Include clear  sections for each of the five questions for the marker to see which questions you are answering
  • Maximum 4500 words
  • In-text citation

– “The five rights as proposed by Savoie (2012) have been discussed … “

  • … and Reference list

– Savoie, M.J., 2012. Building successful information systems: Five best practices to ensure organizational effectiveness and profitability, New York, Business Expert Press.

  • Original work
  • DEADLINE 27th November, 2022


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