Gender discrimination is a social issue which causes conflicts between the two gender men and women. In our daily life, you can see discrimination on various issues. People who talk about gender equality
What Are The Causes Of Gender Inequality?
Uneven access to education
Most of the women around the world still don’t have access to education. According to a survey, ¼ of the women aged between 15-25, can’t finish their education. Especially when you talk about the Asian countries like Pakistan, India and Bangladesh women in these countries have very less access to education. This is because the higher education is much
Lack of employment equality
Out of 195 countries in the world, only 5 countries give their women the legal rights to work as men. Women in the rest of the world struggle to get a job. It is because companies and businesses prefer men over women. A lot of jobs require outdoor work, hard work that women won’t be able to do. This is one of the reasons why men are more preferred.
In most of the countries, it is understood that men can perform tasks way better than women. This is why most of the jobs are acquired by men and women end up being jobless or they get a job that pays them less. A lot of women around the world work more than they are paid for, but no one acknowledges it. The division of jobs in the market is causing frustration among women globally. There are many women who are the bread winners of their house but due to lack of opportunities they struggle with finding a good job.
Lack of legal protection
According to a research, conducted by World Bank, more than a billion women around the globe don’t have a legal protection against domestic economic violence or domestic sexual violence. Both of these play an important role in a woman’s life. If women have the protection against these two, then they would live with freedom peacefully. A lot of countries don’t even have legal protection against sexual harassment at workplace, at school and in public. These places are becoming unsafe for women because of the harassment they face. Due to this they have to limit themselves.
Lack of bodily autonomy
A lot of women in the world don’t even have the right on their own self, their careers, future, marriages, etc. They are forced into something that they don’t like or don’t wish to do.
Poor medical care
One of the major causes of gender inequality is that women don’t get the better treatment. Women overall receive lower-quality medical treatment as compared to men. This is linked to other reasons such as lack of education and not getting job opportunities. This results in women being in poverty so that can’t afford a better quality medical treatment. There also less research that affects women.
Lack of religious freedom
When religious freedom is targeted, females suffer the greatest. According to the World Economic Forum, when fanatical philosophies (such as ISIS) come into public and limit religious freedom, gender inequality gets poorer. In a study done by Georgetown University and Brigham Young University, scholars were also able to connect religious intolerance with women’s capability to contribute in the economy. When there’s more religious freedom, an economy becomes more stable thanks to women’s participation.
Lack of political representation
In the beginning of 2019, in all parliaments around the world combined, only 24.3 seats were filled by women, rests were filled by men.
Smaller houses for women
Women who are single or single moms, they are likely to live in a smaller house than men. This is again because they can’t afford big houses
What Can Be Done To Eradicate Gender Inequality
Share Household Chores And Childcare Equally
Household chores and children’s care are every adult’s responsibility. Ask yourself if there is an equal division of labor in your home. The work of caring for children is still done mainly by women in much of the world. A report released by the UN in 2015 points out that women from developing countries do over three hours more of daily unpaid work (household chores and childcare) than men, while in developed countries, they do, on average, two hours more.
According to studies, the overload of household chores can increase women’s chances of mental illnesses, besides depressing their productivity at work, consequently affecting their salaries.
Watch For Signs Of Domestic Violence
Get some help and support if you know a friend or acquaintance is suffering from domestic violence or other abuse. This type of violence is not restricted to physical aggression. Verbal attacks (curses and threats) and psychological abuse (controlling, manipulative and intimidating behavior) also affect women. Often, all these things occur together. If you experience domestic violence, be aware that you are not alone. Report it!
The same UN report quoted above points out that in most countries with data available, less than 40 percent of women who experience violence seek help of any kind. Among those who do, most seek out family and friends, and few use formal institutions and mechanisms, such as police and health services. Less than 10 percent of women went to the police after suffering violence.
Support Mothers And Parents
Those responsible for children and teens need support in every society. Offering the bus seat to a pregnant woman, advocating the installation of children’s changing rooms in all bathrooms in shopping centers (not only in the women’s facilities) and asking that companies guarantee maternity and paternity leave are all necessary actions. The latest UN data, released in 2015, shows that only 53 percent of countries offer at least 14 weeks of maternity leave. Even worse, only 48 percent of countries offer any paternity leave.
Reject Chauvinist And Racist Attitudes
Do not make comments that ridicule, demean or humiliate women, black people, indigenous people, members of the LGBTQI community or any other historically marginalized groups. And don’t keep quiet if you hear such comments. Talk to your colleagues, friends and family frankly and tell them to stop with the chauvinist, racist, homophobic and transphobic insults.
Help Women Gain Power
According to 2017 data from UN Women, only 17 countries have female heads of state and/or government. The overall average of women in legislative bodies is only 23.4 percent. Find out who the female candidates are, especially women from underrepresented communities.In addition to politics, consider ways to support the promotion of women and LGBTQI in the arts, sciences, sports, and other fields.
Listen And Reflect
One of the main obstacles to eliminating prejudice is that people have difficulty recognizing that it really exists. Research has already proven that we all reproduce stereotypes and pre-existing notions on many topics, including gender and race. “The brain and behavioral sciences have learned a lot about our unconscious biases. We all have them, based on race, religion, sexual orientation and gender. The important thing is to be aware of our sexist assumptions and challenge them,” explains Lise Eliot, a neuroscience professor at the Chicago Medical School of Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science