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Assignment Briefs 11-03-2022

Using legal principles, outline the elements that must be present to form a legally binding contract

LAW7LFS Law for Surveyors

Module name

Law for Surveyors

Module code

LAW7LFS

Level

7

Module start month and year

September 2022

Module pass mark

50

Assignment

1

Assignment due time and date

10.00 a.m. (UK time), Tuesday 6 December 2022

Word count (see section below for info)

3,000

Assignment weighting

60%

Module learning outcomes assessed

LO2, LO3

(see module ‘Assessment tab’ for details)

If you have any questions about this assessment, please contact your Module Team using the Assignment forum in the relevant ‘Assessment preparation’ week on the VLE.

Scenario

You are a surveyor on the staff of a well-known established consultancy M Harris LLP. Your client, Thistlewood Holdings PLC, is the owner and operator of ‘The Paradise Centre’, a large, modern, mixed-use retail site based in the City of Liverpool, UK.

Your client recently appointed a contractor known as Axis Limited to undertake the major refurbishment of its ‘flagship’ luxury retail unit located within The Paradise Centre.

A brief pre-commencement site meeting was held to discuss the works, but no contract was formalised between Thistlewood Holdings and Axis. As Axis have worked with your client previously without issue, a contract was not considered to be necessary.

The contractor had progressed works to the satisfaction of your client until a recent design team meeting held midway through the project. At that meeting Thistlewood Holdings confirmed that as Axis had overvalued their previous application for payment, your client intends to deduct the overpayment from the contractors next payment application. At the same meeting, Axis responded to suggest that far from overvaluing the previous payment application, your client had in fact significantly undervalued the same application.

Senior surveyors from both organisations hold urgent talks to try to rectify the situation but fail to make progress on this issue and a wide range of other complex technical points relating to structural alterations and mechanical and electrical services. Axis threatens to suspend all works imminently if the matters cannot be resolved within the next one to two months. The parties are now engaged in an ongoing dispute.

Your client cannot tolerate a significant delay to completion of the refurbishment of the unit. The Paradise Centre is under financial pressure to re-let the prime retail unit and has been receiving negative publicity on social media and in local press relating to their failure to re-let the prominent premises.

To move forward, your client considers that their only remaining option is to take matters to court in order to obtain a decision on the sums in dispute. Your client seeks your advice.

Task

Use your knowledge of the law of contract and dispute resolution methods to write a report that advises your client, Thistlewood Holdings, on the enforceability of their agreement with Axis together with the most appropriate method/s that could be used to resolve the points in dispute between the parties.

Your report must provide legal advice and you should:

  1. using legal principles, outline the elements that must be present to form a legally binding contract;
  2. use your knowledge of contract formation to critically examine whether an agreement has been formed between the parties using appropriate legal principles;
  3. examine the scenario facts to reach reasoned conclusions as to the most effective form(s) of dispute resolution available to Thistlewood Holdings in the context of the presented scenario.

Reference list and bibliography

You should include a reference list with a minimum of ten separate relevant and appropriate sources that you have written about and cited within your work.

You should also include a bibliography list with a minimum of ten separate relevant and appropriate sources that have influenced your thinking but are not cited in your work.

Additional information

Further information to support you with this assignment is available within the study materials for this module on the UCEM VLE.

It is recommended that you engage with the Assignment briefing webinar and Assignment forum, as the module team may signpost relevant learning activities and also answer any questions you may have.

Marking guidance for this activity

This guidance is designed to help you to do as well as possible in your assessment by explaining how the person marking your work will be judging it.

Your work will be assessed in relation to the requirements set out in the assessment criteria marking guide at the end of this document and the grading guidance section below.

It is recommended that you read both of these sections before starting your assessment to learn what will help you to achieve the highest marks. Before submitting your assessment you should review it to check you have produced what is required to achieve the highest marks.

When you receive your feedback from your tutor you should be able to see where you gained marks and, where relevant, recommendations about how to improve your performance going forward.

Grading guidance

This grading guidance section explains in more detail what a submission for this assessment

should include in order to achieve a mark at the threshold, good and excellent standards.

Threshold

You will have demonstrated some knowledge of the relevant legal principles of the law of contract, and methods of dispute resolution. You will have attempted to apply critical analysis in order to reach reasoned conclusions. Legal and academic authority will be adequately referenced in accordance with the recommended guidance. Referencing will be sufficiently complete. Using legal principles, outline the elements that must be present to form a legally binding contract

Good

You will have met the criteria for Threshold and will have demonstrated good knowledge of the relevant legal principles of the law of contract and methods of dispute resolution which will be explained logically with a sound level of critical analysis to reach reasoned conclusions. Legal and academic sources will be mostly referenced in accordance with the recommended guidelines.

Referencing will be mostly complete.

Excellent

You will have met the criteria for Good and your report will demonstrate outstanding knowledge of the relevant legal principles of the law of contract and methods of dispute resolution which will be explained and critically and logically applied to reach reasoned conclusions with justified arguments. Your answer will be supported by legal authority which will be referenced in accordance with the recommended guidance. Referencing will be comprehensive, accurate and complete.

Word count and overwriting

Exceeding 10% of the stated word count may limit the marks allocated for communication (see assessment criteria marking guide below).

The following table outlines the inclusions and exclusions in the word count of the most common features of assessed pieces of work. Not all these features may be relevant to your assignment; please refer to the assignment task for confirmation of which features are required.

Included in wordcount

Excluded from wordcount

Introduction

Executive summary/abstract

Main body

Title page/front cover

Footnotes/endnotes

Contents List

In text citations

Calculations

Words in tables

Drawings/Images

Conclusion

List of references

Recommendations

Bibliography

Headings and titles, except for those explicitly excluded

Appendices

The total number of words used must be stated on the first page of your assessment.

Avoiding academic misconduct (Academic integrity)

Academic misconduct is a serious offence. Types of misconduct include, but are not limited to: plagiarism, self-plagiarism, collusion, or contracting a third party to write your assessment. It is important that your assessment shows academic integrity. You must ensure that you reference sources you have used and check the originality of your work before submission. Please see the ‘Assessment preparation’ week for more information on academic misconduct, including guidance on how to avoid academic misconduct, how to check your work, and how UCEM checks all submitted assessment for academic misconduct.

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA MARKING GUIDE

LEVEL 7

Weight- ing %

 

1. COMMUNICATION

15

0–2

Inadequate

3–5

Limited

6–7

Below threshold

8

Threshold

9–10

Good

11

Excellent

12–15

Outstanding

Relevance to task

  • ·The relevance of the information provided to the context of the task
  • ·The way the needs of the intended audience have been addressed.

 

Irrelevant and addresses neither the task nor the needs of the intended audience.

Largely irrelevant and does not effectively address the task or the needs of the intended audience.

Partially relevant and attempts to address the task and the needs of the intended audience with significant irrelevance or omissions.

Sufficiently relevant to the task and the needs of the intended audience to meet the learning outcomes.

Consistently relevant to the task and focussed on the requirements of the intended audience.

Highly relevant to the task and precisely focussed on the requirements of the intended audience.

Completely relevant to the task and fully focussed on the requirements of the intended audience.

Structure and presentation

  • ·Organisation and presentation of ideas

 

A lack of structure beyond a loosely connected list of points.

Largely unstructured and does not have a clear logical flow.

Inconsistent structure and logical flow.

Adequate Structure and logical flow.

Capable structure and logical flow.

Advanced structure and logical flow.

Proficient structure and logical flow.

  • ·Format appropriate to the intended audience and/or industry protocols
  • ·How structure and presentation enable communication.

Presentation format is

inappropriate.

 

Communication is obstructed.

Presentation format is

ineffective.

 

Communication is hindered.

Presentation format is

confused.

 

Communication is only partially effective.

Presentation format is

satisfactory.

 

Communication is sufficient to meet the learning outcomes.

Presentation format is

effective.

 

Communication is sound.

Presentation format is

sophisticated.

 

Communication is articulate.

Presentation format is

innovative.

 

Communication is insightful.

Grammar

  • ·Selection of words, sentence construction, spelling and punctuation.

 

Use of grammar is deficient and meaning is obstructed.

Significant grammatical errors and meaning lacks clarity.

Several grammatical errors and meaning conveyed insufficiently clearly.

Notwithstanding some minor errors and oversights, grammar and clarity of meaning are sufficient to meet

the learning outcomes.

Grammar usage is capable and conveys meaning effectively.

Grammar usage is advanced and conveys meaning precisely.

Grammar usage is exceptional and conveys meaning eloquently.

2. KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING

20

0–3

Inadequate

4–7

Limited

8–9

Below threshold

10–11

Threshold

12–13

Good

14–15

Excellent

16–20

Outstanding

Systematic knowledge and understanding of the key aspects of the field of study

 

Inadequate systematic knowledge and understanding of the field of study.

Limited systematic knowledge and understanding of the field of study.

Insufficient systematic knowledge and understanding of the field of study.

Sufficient systematic knowledge and understanding of the field of study to meet the learning outcomes.

Good systematic knowledge and understanding of the field of study to meet the learning outcomes.

Excellent systematic knowledge and understanding of the field of study to meet the learning outcomes.

Outstanding systematic knowledge and understanding of the field of study to meet the learning outcomes.

Critical awareness of current problems and/or new insights at or informed by the forefront of the academic discipline

Inadequate level of critical awareness of current problems and/or new insights, very little, if any, of which has been informed by the forefront of the academic discipline.

Unsatisfactory level of critical awareness of current problems and/or new insights, little of which has been informed by the forefront of the academic discipline.

Basic level of critical awareness of current problems and/or new insights, some of which has been informed by the forefront of the academic discipline.

Adequate level of critical awareness of current problems and/or new insights, much of which has been informed by the forefront of the academic discipline.

Sound level of critical awareness of current problems and/or new insights, most of which has been informed by the forefront of the academic discipline.

Comprehensive level of critical awareness of current problems and/or new insights, nearly all of which has been informed by the forefront of the academic discipline.

Exceptional level of critical awareness of current problems and/or new insights, all of which has been informed by the forefront of the academic discipline. Using legal principles, outline the elements that must be present to form a legally binding contract

 

3. USE AND APPLICATION OF

SOURCE MATERIAL

20

0–3

Inadequate

4–7

Limited

8–9

Below threshold

10–11

Threshold

12–13

Good

14–15

Excellent

16–20

Outstanding

Application of UCEM Harvard referencing style

 

A minimal number of sources have been referenced. The referencing system is applied incoherently.

Referencing is unsatisfactory due to significant omissions, inaccuracies or inconsistencies in the application of the referencing system.

Referencing is insufficient due to several omissions, inaccuracies or inconsistencies in the application of the referencing system.

Referencing is sufficiently complete, accurate and consistent in the application of the referencing system to meet the learning

outcomes.

Referencing is competent with mostly complete, accurate and consistent application of the referencing system.

Referencing is comprehensive with complete, accurate and consistent application of the referencing system with minimal errors.

Referencing is comprehensive and applied faultlessly.

Source Materials

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  • ·Selection of course materials

Minimal and incoherent selection of course

materials.

Ineffective selection of course materials with

significant omissions.

Inconsistent and inaccurate selection of

course materials.

Adequate selection of course materials.

Competent selection of course materials.

Sophisticated selection of course materials.

Innovative selection of course materials.

  • · Independent research

Independent research

is minimal and has not been informed by scholarship at the forefront of the academic discipline.

Independent research

is incomplete and unsatisfactory. It has not been informed by any notable scholarship at the forefront of the academic discipline.

Independent research

is basic and has partially been informed by appropriate scholarship at the forefront of the academic discipline.

Independent research

is sufficient and has been at least partially informed by appropriate scholarship at the forefront of the academic discipline, sufficient to meet the

learning outcomes.

Independent research

is competent and has been informed by a reasonable amount of appropriate scholarship at the forefront of the academic discipline.

Independent research

is advanced and has been informed by a comprehensive range of authoritative scholarship at the forefront of the academic discipline.

Independent research is

proficient and has been informed by the full range of authoritative scholarship at the forefront of the academic discipline.

  • ·Use of industry practice and personal experience.

Industry practice and

personal experience omitted or irrelevant.

Limited and incomplete

reference to industry practice and personal

experience.

Simple reference to

industry practice and personal experience.

Satisfactory reference

to industry practice and personal experience.

Clear reference to

industry practice and personal experience.

Perceptive reference to

industry practice and personal experience.

Insightful reference to

industry practice and personal experience.

Originality in the application of knowledge

 

Originality in the application of knowledge is inadequate and incoherent. The assessed work is not informed or improved by the source materials.

Originality in the application of knowledge is ineffective and unsatisfactory. The assessed work is informed and improved in a limited manner by the source materials.

Originality in the application of knowledge is inconsistent and partial. The assessed work is informed and improved in a basic manner by the source materials.

Originality in the application of knowledge satisfactory and adequate. The assessed work is informed and improved in an adequate manner by the source materials, sufficient to meet the learning outcomes.

Originality in the application of knowledge is competent and clear. The assessed work is informed and improved in a reasonable manner by the source materials.

Originality in the application of knowledge is perceptive and accurate. The assessed work is informed and improved in a comprehensive manner by the source materials.

Originality in the application of knowledge is innovative and insightful. The assessed work is informed and improved in an exceptional manner by the source materials.

 

4. EVIDENCE BASED

CRITICAL ANALYSIS

20

0–3

Inadequate

4–7

Limited

8–9

Below threshold

10–11

Threshold

12–13

Good

14–15

Excellent

16–20

Outstanding

Practical understanding of how established techniques of research and enquiry are used to create and interpret knowledge

 

Minimal understanding of how established techniques of research and enquiry are used to create and interpret knowledge.

Unsatisfactory understanding of how established techniques of research and enquiry are used to create and interpret knowledge.

Insufficient understanding of how established techniques of research and enquiry are used to create and interpret knowledge.

Sufficient understanding of how established techniques of research and enquiry are used to create and interpret knowledge.

Effective understanding of how established techniques of research and enquiry are used to create and interpret knowledge.

Sophisticated understanding of how established techniques of research and enquiry are used to create and interpret knowledge.

Insightful understanding of how established techniques of research and enquiry are used to create and interpret knowledge.

Critical analysis

  • ·Analysis of source materials

 

Analysis of the source materials is superficial, deficient or minimal

Analysis of the source materials is shallow ineffective or incomplete.

Analysis of the source materials is insubstantial, inaccurate or inconsistent.

Analysis of the source materials is adequate and of sufficient depth to meet the learning outcomes.

Analysis of the source materials is substantial clear and competent.

Analysis of the source materials is rigorous, accurate and comprehensive.

Analysis of the source materials is profound, proficient and very advanced.

  • · Application of analysis

to the demands of the task

Analysis is not applied

to the demands of the task.

Analysis is applied

unsatisfactorily to the demands of the task.

Analysis is partially

applied to the demands of the task.

Analysis is

satisfactorily applied to the demands of the task.

Analysis is reasonably

applied to the demands of the task.

Analysis is perceptively

applied to the demands of the task.

Analysis is innovatively

applied to the demands of the task.

Development of arguments

  • ·Use of analysis to develop and sustain arguments and justifications.

 

Arguments and justifications are incoherent and deficient. There is minimal evidence of an attempt to develop or sustain an argument.

Arguments and justifications are unsatisfactory and ineffective. The development of arguments is incomplete and not sustained.

Arguments and justifications are confused and inaccurate. The development of arguments is inconsistent and partially sustained with significant omissions.

Arguments and justifications are satisfactory and sufficient to meet the learning outcomes. The development of arguments is basic and sustained adequately.

Arguments and justifications are clear and reasonable. The development of arguments is fair and sustained competently.

Arguments and justifications are advanced and sophisticated. The development of arguments is sophisticated and sustained comprehensively.

Arguments and justifications are ambitious and exceptional. The development of arguments is insightful and fully sustained. You are a surveyor on the staff of a well-known established consultancy M Harris LLP. Your client, Thistlewood Holdings PLC, is the owner and operator of ‘The Paradise Centre’, a large, modern, mixed-use retail site based in the City of Liverpool, UK.

Technical ability

(where appropriate)

  • ·Quality of drawings

 

Drawings are incorrect or omitted

Drawings are incomplete or with significant omissions

Drawings are inaccurate and only partially completed

Drawings are completed at a basic

level sufficient to meet the learning outcomes.

Drawings are completed at a competent level

Drawings are completed accurately

Drawings are completed to an exceptionally high standard

  • ·Accuracy of calculations

Calculations are

incorrect or omitted

Calculations are

incomplete with significant omissions

Calculations are

inaccurate and only partially completed

Calculations are

completed at a basic level sufficient to meet the learning outcomes.

Calculations are

completed at a competent level

Calculations are

completed accurately

Calculations are

completed to an exceptionally high standard

  • ·Appropriate selection and application of information.

Selection of information

is incorrect or minimal. Information is applied inadequately or incoherently to the task.

Selection of

information is incomplete with significant omissions. Information is applied ineffectively or unsatisfactorily to the task.

Selection of

information is inconsistent and partial. Information is applied inaccurately to the task.

Selection of

information is satisfactory and sufficient to meet the learning outcomes. Information is applied adequately to the task.

Selection of

information is clear and reasonable.

Information is applied competently to the task.

Selection of information

is accurate and comprehensive Information is applied perceptively to the task.

Selection of information is

proficient and insightful Information is applied innovatively to the task.

5. INSIGHT, INTERPRETATION

AND EVALUATION

25

0–4

Inadequate

5–9

Limited

10–12

Below threshold

13–14

Threshold

15–17

Good

18–19

Excellent

20–25

Outstanding

Systematic and creative approaches to complex issues

 

Inadequate self- direction and originality in tackling and solving problems and in implementing tasks at a professional level.

Ineffective self- direction and originality in tackling and solving problems and in implementing tasks at a professional level.

Insufficient self- direction and originality in tackling and solving problems and in implementing tasks at a professional level.

Sufficient self-direction and originality in tackling and solving problems and in implementing tasks at a professional level to meet the learning outcomes.

Competent self- direction and originality in tackling and solving problems and in implementing tasks at a professional level.

Successful self- direction and originality in tackling and solving problems and in implementing tasks at a professional level.

Exceptional self-direction and originality in tackling and solving problems and in implementing tasks at a professional level.

Critical evaluation of current research and advanced scholarship in the discipline

 

Any evaluation of current research and advanced scholarship in the discipline is unsubstantiated and unstructured.

Evaluation of current research and advanced scholarship in the discipline is unsatisfactory in its reasoning.

Evaluation of current research and advanced scholarship in the discipline is simple in its reasoning.

Evaluation of current research and advanced scholarship in the discipline is adequate in its reasoning.

Evaluation of current research and advanced scholarship in the discipline is competent in its reasoning.

Evaluation of current research and advanced scholarship in the discipline is sophisticated in its reasoning.

Evaluation of current research and advanced scholarship in the discipline is ambitious and convincing in its reasoning.

Judgements in the absence of incomplete data

 

Judgments in the absence of incomplete data and/or conclusions are deficient.

Judgments in the absence of incomplete data and/or conclusions are inaccurate.

Judgments in the absence of incomplete data and/or conclusions are confused.

Judgments in the absence of incomplete data and/or conclusions are satisfactory and sufficient to meet the learning outcomes. Using legal principles, outline the elements that must be present to form a legally binding contract

Judgments in the absence of incomplete data and/or conclusions are clear and appropriate.

Judgments in the absence of incomplete data and/or conclusions are perceptive.

Judgments in the absence of incomplete data and/or conclusions are insightful.

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